Agriculture & Horticulture


Barring 80 % of Assam and about half of Tripura, the entire North East region of India is situated on hilly terrain. While settled cultivation is practiced in the plains, shifting cultivation, locally known as jhum, is the predominant agricultural practice for most communities in the hilly regions. This involves clearing and burning new land for cultivation every few years, then moving on to allow the land to lie fallow. The terraced method of farming is also an old practice in many hilly areas of the region. With rich land, abundant water and a favourable climate, agriculture and horticulture sector has the potential to grow and contribute towards enhancing food and nutrition security and enhancing income opportunities for rural farmers. However due to constraints like poor production technologies and infrastructure (poor road conditions, transport, markets, processing) and underdeveloped institutions (credit, extension, information, insurance), difficult terrains, diverse socio-cultural and agricultural typologies the potential remains untapped.

NEIDA strategy is to direct its efforts towards intensification of land use in the hilly regions through promotion of sustainable land use and promotion of better agricultural and horticultural practices.



Operational Strategy

Goal:  Increased income for farmers through improved agriculture practice with appropriate access to finance, market and information

1. Adoption of improved agricultural practices by farmers

2. Intensifying land use under supplementary irrigation conditions in rain fed areas




1. Input Delivery: Facilitating access to quality seeds, and other inputs like fertilizers, credit and insurance linkage

2. Crop and Natural Resource Management: Crop diversification, land use intensification, soil and water management, pest and disease management, Adoption of validated Package of Practice etc.

3. Support Services: Reliable extension services at the grassroots, promotion of producers groups and producers groups

4. Capacity Building: Capacity building of field partners and beneficiaries on agriculture and horticulture technologies

5. Post-Harvest Services: Facilitating availability of storage facilities for commercial crops and facilitating market linkages