The main agricultural activity of farmers in Northeast India is the mixed crop-livestock system characterised with low inputs and outputs. Livestock is an important component of mixed farming system due to preference of meat in the diets of people in the region. The area is known as meat consuming zone of India. Livestock, especially pig and poultry, is a key livelihood among the farming rural families and provides food for consumption, sources of income and capital and socio-cultural needs. All the North-eastern states are highly dependent on imports to meet their demand for eggs, fish, meat and milk. Thus, the pig sector is undoubtedly of major importance for rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation both at household and the state levels. In a study undertaken by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in 2007, the study revealed that there is an increasing demand for livestock products in the region. These suggest that livestock rearing has been largely untapped and has the potential to improve the livelihoods among poor farmers in the region.
Twenty eight per cent of total pig population of India is found in the region. Pig rearing is very promising in the region due to high demand for pig meat within the tribal people of the NE region. Thus, the pig sector is undoubtedly of major importance for rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation. The following strategy will be followed for promoting piggery for income generation.
|To achieve self-sufficiency in pork production, realise surplus for marketing and increase scope for value added processing as well as export.||
Develop standardized community based pig breeding model
To establish an efficient and cost effective piglet production and pig rearing system
Breeding management: Supply of quality breeding gilt and boars to breeder families, introduction of AI, Improved housing, improved breeding sows and boars management
Feed Management: Improved pig nutrition, increasing the availability of compound pig feed
Health Management: Community based health and disease management through preventive measures and information dissemination
Support Services: Developing Reliable extension services, Linkage with relevant Government Extension wings for extension support, marketing
Capacity Building: Capacity building of implementing partners and beneficiaries.